Manic Depressive Psychosis: What You Need to Know
Manic-depressive psychosis, often referred to as bipolar disorder, is a serious mental illness characterized by extreme mood swings, ranging from depression to mania. It is estimated that approximately 4.4% of adults in the US suffer from this disorder, making it one of the most common mental health conditions.
What Are the Symptoms of Manic Depressive Psychosis?
The most common symptoms of manic-depressive psychosis include changes in energy and activity levels, difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much, changes in eating habits, irritability, difficulty concentrating and making decisions, increased risk-taking behaviors, and feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness. In some cases, individuals may also experience psychotic symptoms such as delusions or hallucinations.
What Causes Manic Depressive Psychosis?
The exact cause of manic-depressive psychosis is not known. However, research suggests that it is likely due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Studies have found that individuals with a family history of bipolar disorder are more likely to develop the disorder than those without a family history.
How Is Manic Depressive Psychosis Diagnosed?
Manic-depressive psychosis is typically diagnosed by a mental health professional based on a comprehensive evaluation that includes an assessment of symptoms and personal history. In some cases, a physical exam may be conducted as well. Additionally, laboratory tests may be used to rule out other possible causes for the symptoms.
What Treatments Are Available for Manic Depressive Psychosis?
Treatment for manic-depressive psychosis typically involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Medications such as mood stabilizers and antipsychotics are often prescribed to help manage symptoms. In addition, psychotherapy can be beneficial in helping individuals manage their symptoms and learn coping strategies for dealing with mood swings.
Manic-depressive psychosis is a serious mental illness that affects millions of people around the world. While the exact cause is unknown, it is believed to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, it is important to speak with your doctor or mental health professional so that you can receive an appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan.