Subcortical Vascular Dementia: What You Need to Know
Subcortical vascular dementia is a type of dementia caused by damage to the brain’s small blood vessels. It can be caused by a variety of conditions, including stroke, diabetes, and hypertension. It is more common in older adults and may be more difficult to diagnose than other types of dementia. In this article, we will discuss what subcortical vascular dementia is, how it is diagnosed, and potential treatments.
What is Subcortical Vascular Dementia?
Subcortical vascular dementia (SVD) is a form of dementia that is caused by damage to the brain’s small blood vessels. This type of damage can be caused by a variety of conditions, such as stroke, diabetes, hypertension, or other conditions that reduce blood flow to the brain.
SVD can cause a wide range of symptoms that can vary from person to person. Common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty concentrating or making decisions, changes in mood or behavior, and difficulty with language.
Diagnosing Subcortical Vascular Dementia
The diagnosis for subcortical vascular dementia is based on both a physical examination and cognitive assessment. Your doctor may also order tests such as an MRI or CT scan to look for signs of damage to the brain’s small blood vessels.
Your doctor may also use cognitive tests to assess your memory, language skills, and ability to solve problems. These tests are used to help confirm a diagnosis of SVD and rule out other possible causes of your symptoms.
Treatment for Subcortical Vascular Dementia
The main treatment for subcortical vascular dementia is to manage the underlying condition that is causing the damage to the brain’s small blood vessels. This may include lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and managing stress.
Your doctor may also recommend medications to help manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life. These medications may include medications for depression or anxiety, as well as medications specifically designed to treat cognitive impairment.
Living with Subcortical Vascular Dementia
Living with subcortical vascular dementia can be challenging, but there are ways to cope with the condition. Staying socially active and finding activities that you enjoy can help keep your mind active and sharp. It is also important to stay organized and make lists so you don’t forget important tasks or appointments.
Additionally, it is important to talk to your doctor about any changes you notice in your thinking or behavior so they can help you find the best treatment options available.
Subcortical vascular dementia is a type of dementia caused by damage to the brain’s small blood vessels. It can cause a wide range of symptoms that vary from person to person. The diagnosis of SVD is based on both physical examination and cognitive testing. Treatment typically involves managing the underlying condition that is causing the damage as well as medications that can help manage symptoms. There are also strategies for living with SVD such as staying organized, staying socially active, and talking to your doctor about any changes you notice in your thinking or behavior.